Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 177

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 177




                                               

Arctic sea ice ecology and history

The Arctic sea ice covers less area in the summer than in the winter. The multi-year sea ice covers nearly all of the central deep basins. The Arctic sea ice and its related biota are unique, and the year-round persistence of the ice has allowed ...

                                               

Brinicle

A brinicle is a downward-growing hollow tube of ice enclosing a plume of descending brine that is formed beneath developing sea ice. As seawater freezes in the polar oceans, salt brine concentrates are expelled from the sea ice, creating a downwa ...

                                               

Finger rafting

Finger rafting develops in an ice cover as a result of a compression regime established within the plane of the ice. As two expanses of sea ice converge toward another, one of them slides smoothly on top of the other along a given distance, resul ...

                                               

Grease ice

Grease ice is a very thin, soupy layer of frazil crystals clumped together, which makes the ocean surface resemble an oil slick. Grease ice is the second stage in the formation of solid sea ice after ice floes and then frazil ice. New sea ice for ...

                                               

Ice melange

Ice melange refers to a mixture of sea ice types, icebergs, and snow without a clearly defined floe that forms from shearing and fracture at the ice front. Ice melange is commonly the result of an ice calving event where ice breaks off the edge o ...

                                               

Stamukha

A stamukha is a grounded accumulation of sea ice rubble that typically develops along the boundary between fast ice and the drifting pack ice, or becomes incorporated into the fast ice. It is a pressure ridge. Wind, currents and tides contribute ...

                                               

Recreational dive sites

Recreational dive sites are specific places that recreational scuba divers go to enjoy the underwater environment. They include recreational diver training sites and technical diving sites beyond the range generally accepted for recreational divi ...

                                               

Outline of recreational dive sites

Recreational dive sites are specific places that recreational scuba divers go to enjoy the underwater environment. They include recreational diver training sites and technical diving sites beyond the range generally accepted for recreational divi ...

                                               

Chuuk Lagoon

Chuuk Lagoon is a sheltered body of water in the central Pacific. About 1.800 kilometres north-east of New Guinea, it is located mid-ocean at 7 degrees North latitude, and is part of Chuuk State within the Federated States of Micronesia. The atol ...

                                               

Villaricos

Villaricos is a coastal district located in Cuevas del Almanzora, Spain. On 5 April 1863 the barque Candahar was driven ashore at Villaricos and broke in two. By 2018 it has 626 inhabitants, 335 men and 291 women. Baria, an archaeological site, w ...

                                               

Kastanozem

Kastanozem is one of the 32 Reference Soil Groups of the World Reference Base for Soil Resources. These soils are brighter than Chernozems, and are related to the Mollisols in the USDA soil taxonomy. They are rich in humus, and originally covered ...

                                               

List of bogs

This is a list of bogs, wetland mires that accumulate peat from dead plant material, usually sphagnum moss. Bogs are sometimes called quagmires and the soil which composes them is sometimes referred to as muskeg; alkaline mires are called fens ra ...

                                               

Plaggen soil

Plaggen soil or plaggic anthrosol is a type of soil created in parts of northwest Europe in the Middle Ages, as a result of so-called "plaggen" agriculture on marginal podzol soils. In order to fertilize the fields, pieces of heath or grass inclu ...

                                               

Red soil

Red soil is a type of soil that develops in a warm, temperate, moist climate under deciduous or mixed forest, having thin organic and organic-mineral layers overlying a yellowish-brown leached layer resting on an illuvium red layer. Red soils are ...

                                               

Terra preta

Terra preta is a type of very dark, fertile artificial soil found in the Amazon Basin. It is also known as "Amazonian dark earth" or "Indian black earth". In Portuguese its full name is terra preta do indio or terra preta de indio. Terra mulata i ...

                                               

Ustic

Ustic is a class of soil moisture regime. It is one of a range of different soil moisture regimes, such as: aquic moisture regime, aridic moisture regime, udic moisture regime and xeric moisture regime. The ustic moisture regime is intermediate b ...

                                               

Cantabrian Mountains

The Cantabrian Mountains or Cantabrian Range are one of the main systems of mountain ranges in Spain. They stretch for over 300 km across northern Spain, from the western limit of the Pyrenees to the Galician Massif in Galicia, along the coast of ...

                                               

Alto Campoo

Alto Campoo is a ski resort in the Cantabrian Mountains of northern Spain. The resort is located in the Cantabrian comarca of Campoo. The source of the river Ebro is near the resort in the town of Fontibre.

                                               

Basque Mountains

The Basque Mountains are a mountain range situated in the northern Iberian Peninsula. Geographically it is considered as the eastern section of the larger Cantabrian Range. The range runs through the Basque Autonomous Community and western Navarre.

                                               

Sierra de Cuera

Sierra de Cuera, is a 30 km long mountain chain of the Cantabrian Mountains. The ridges highest point is Pico Turbina. This mountain range is located at 6 km from the sea and runs parallel to the coast. It lies within the Cabrales, Llanes, Peñame ...

                                               

Sierra de Hijar

The Sierra de Hijar is a mountain range of the Cantabrian Mountains System, located in the Province of Palencia and the Autonomous Community of Cantabria in northern Spain.

                                               

La Camperona

La Camperona) is a mountain in the Cantabrian Mountains, near Sabero in the Province of Leon, Spain. The mountain pass, which gives access to the summit, has the same name.

                                               

Peña Labra

Peña Labra is a 2.018 metres high mountain located in the Sierra de Hijar range, a part of the Cantabrian Mountains System. It is located on the boundary between the Province of Palencia and the Autonomous Community of Cantabria. It is the wester ...

                                               

Sierra del Sueve

The Sierra del Sueve is a limestone massif located close to the coast in the east-central area of Asturias, Spain. It is a northern foothill of the Cantabrian Mountains. The range is located in the municipalities of northeast Caravia, Colunga in ...

                                               

Abies alba

Abies alba, the European silver fir or silver fir, is a fir native to the mountains of Europe, from the Pyrenees north to Normandy, east to the Alps and the Carpathians, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia, and south to ...

                                               

Androsace lactea

Androsace lactea can reach a height of 5–10 centimetres 2.0–3.9 in. This plant produces rosettes of leaves with a diameter of about 2–4 centimetres 0.79–1.57 in. The leaves are shining dark green, linear or lightly elliptic. Flowers are white wit ...

                                               

Outer Subcarpathia

Outer Subcarpathia denotes the depression area at the outer base of the Carpathian arc, including foothills of the Outer Western Carpathians and Outer Eastern Carpathians. It stretches from northeastern Austria, through eastern Czech Republic, so ...

                                               

Abajo Mountains

The Abajo Mountains, known locally as the Blue Mountains or The Blues, is a small mountain range west of Monticello, Utah, south of Canyonlands National Park and north of Blanding, Utah. The mountain range is located within the Manti–La Sal Natio ...

                                               

Andrews Outlier

Andrews Outlier is an Ancestral Puebloan archeological site located in the Red Mesa Valley in the southern portion of the San Juan Basin, approximately 50 miles south of Chaco Canyon, New Mexico, United States. The site is notable for its three g ...

                                               

Angel Peak Scenic Area

The Angel Peak Scenic Area is a BLM recreation area located about 15 miles south of Bloomfield in San Juan County, New Mexico. The recreation area, more than 10.000 acres of rugged terrain, features Angel Peak, colorful badlands and deep canyons.

                                               

Aquarius Plateau

The Aquarius Plateau is a physiographic region in the High Plateaus Section of the Colorado Plateau Province. It is located within Garfield and Wayne counties in south-central Utah.

                                               

Atlatl Cave

Atlatl Cave is an important archeological site that contains organic evidence of occupation by Archaic North Americans c. 900 BCE. It is located at the west end of Chaco Canyon, New Mexico. During the 1970s, archeologists discovered plant materia ...

                                               

Beaver Dam Mountains Wilderness

The Beaver Dam Mountains Wilderness is a wilderness area located in northwestern Arizona and southwestern Utah, USA, within the arid Colorado Plateau region. The jagged mountains and gently sloping alluvial plain of the Beaver Dam Mountains strad ...

                                               

Bidahochi Formation

The Pliocene to Late Neogene Bidahochi Formation lies at an elevation of about 6.300 feet to 6.600 feet at the southeast of the Colorado Plateau; the deposits are from Bidahochi Lake, and the deposits extend southwards to the region at the north ...

                                               

Bluff Great House

Bluff Great House is an Ancestral Puebloan great house and archeological site located in southeastern Utah, United States. The site lies near the north bank of the San Juan River, approximately 130 miles northwest of Chaco Culture National Histor ...

                                               

Book Cliffs

The Book Cliffs are a series of desert mountains and cliffs in western Colorado and eastern Utah, in the western United States. They are so named because the cliffs of Cretaceous sandstone that cap many of the south-facing buttes appear similar t ...

                                               

Boulder Mountain (Utah)

Boulder Mountain in Utah, USA makes up half of the Aquarius Plateau of South Central Utah in Wayne and Garfield counties. The mountain rises to the west of Capitol Reef National Park and consists of steep slopes and cliffs with over 50.000 acres ...

                                               

Buckskin Mountains (Arizona-Utah)

The Buckskin Mountains on the Arizona-Utah border, is about a 15-mile long mountain range divided almost equally in the counties of Coconino County, Arizona, and Kane County, Utah. The range lies at the north end of the Kaibab Plateau, of the Nor ...

                                               

Caja del Rio

Caja del Rio is a dissected plateau, of volcanic origin, which covers approximately 84.000 acres of land in northern Santa Fe County, New Mexico, United States. The region is also known as the Caja, Caja del Rio Plateau, and Cerros del Rio. The c ...

                                               

Cedar Mesa

Cedar Mesa is a plateau in San Juan County in the southeastern portion of the U.S. state of Utah. It extends from Elk Ridge in the north, Comb Wash to the east, the gorge of the San Juan River to the south, and Grand Gulch to the west, an area of ...

                                               

Cerrillos Turquoise Mines

The Cerrillos Turquoise Mines are Ancestral Puebloan turquoise mines located in the Cerrillos Hills, 20 miles southwest of Santa Fe, New Mexico. Archeologists believe that most of the turquoise found at Chaco Canyon was mined in the Cerrillos Hil ...

                                               

Chaco Slope

The Chaco Slope is a geographical region located in the northwestern portion of the U.S. state of New Mexico. It borders the Chaco Core, which contains both Chacra Mesa and Chaco Canyon. The canyon itself is noted for its Chacoan Anasazi ruins. T ...

                                               

Chaco Wash

The Chaco Wash is an arroyo cutting through Chaco Canyon, which is located in northwestern New Mexico on the Colorado Plateau. Another arroyo known as Escavada Wash is a tributary that feeds in from the northeast, near the western end of Chaco Ca ...

                                               

Chacra Face Road

The Chacra Face Road is one of eight Ancestral Puebloan roads that enters Chaco Canyon, New Mexico. It enters the canyon through a break in the Chacra Mesa called the Fajada Gap, and ends at the great house Una Vida. It probably connected Una Vid ...

                                               

Chacra Mesa

The Chacra Mesa is a high mesa massif composing the southwestern flank of Chaco Canyon, a region that is notable for its rich collection of Ancestral Puebloan archaeological sites. It is located in the northwest portion of the U.S. state of New M ...

                                               

Chinle Creek

Chinle Creek is a tributary stream of the San Juan River in Apache County, Arizona and San Juan County, Utah. Its source is at 36°53′40″N 109°44′37″W, the confluence of Laguña Creek with Chinle Wash where it forms Chinle Creek, 7 miles northeast ...

                                               

Chinle Valley

Chinle Valley is a 65-mile long valley located mostly in Apache County Arizona. Chinle Creek continues north into Utah to meet the San Juan River. Chinle Valley is defined by the course of Chinle Wash, with the region as part of the high elevatio ...

                                               

Chinle Wash

Chinle Wash is an arroyo, tributary to Chinle Creek in Apache County, Arizona. Its name is derived from the Navajo word chinili meaning where the waters came out. Its sources is in Canyon de Chelly National Monument where Canyon de Chelly and Can ...

                                               

Chuska Mountains

The Chuska Mountains are an elongate range on the southeast Colorado Plateau and within the Navajo Nation whose highest elevations approach 10.000 feet. The range is about 80 by 15 km. It trends north-northwest and is crossed by the state line be ...

                                               

Chuska Valley

The Chuska Valley is a geographical region located in the northwestern portion of the U.S. state of New Mexico. Sitting atop the Colorado Plateau in the Four Corners region of the desert Southwest, it is near both Chacra Mesa and Chaco Canyon, wh ...