Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 189

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 189




                                               

João Fernandes (explorer)

João Fernandes was a Portuguese explorer of the 15th century. He was perhaps the earliest of modern explorers in the upland of West Africa, and a pioneer of the European slave- and gold-trade of Guinea.

                                               

Andre Gonçalves (explorer)

Andre Gonçalves, Portuguese explorer that accompanied Pedro Alvares Cabral in the discovery of Brazil. Gonçalves was one of Cabrals captains of the fleet.

                                               

Lopes Gonçalves

Lopes Gonçalves or Lopo Gonçalves was a Portuguese explorer of the African coast. He was the first European sailor to cross the equator, the first to reach the point where the coast turns south and the first to reach Gabon. In 1473 or 1474 he and ...

                                               

João Grego

João Grego was a Portuguese explorer of the African coast. He accompanied Bartolomeu Dias in his journey around the Cape of Good Hope in 1487-88.

                                               

João Infante

João Infante was a Portuguese explorer of the African coast. He accompanied Bartolomeu Dias in his journey around the Cape of Good Hope in 1487/1488 by leading a second caravel, the São Pantaleão. Some places in South Africa are or were named aft ...

                                               

Gaspar de Lemos

Gaspar de Lemos was a Portuguese explorer and captain of the supply ship of Pedro Alvares Cabrals fleet that arrived to Brazil. The florentine Amerigo Vespucci with his four sailing ships that sailed from Cadiz on May 18, 1499, made a stopover in ...

                                               

Thome Lopes

Thome Lopes was a Portuguese scrivener, writer of an eyewitness account of the second journey of Vasco da Gama to India. Thome Lopess background is obscure. All that is known is that he was a native of Porto, Portugal. In early 1502, Thome Lopes ...

                                               

Alvaro Martins

Alvaro Martins, also known as Alvaro Martins Homem, was a 15th-century Portuguese explorer alleged to have explored the western Atlantic and later the African coast. He is claimed to have accompanied João Vaz Corte-Real on an undocumented expedit ...

                                               

Antonio de Noli

Antonio de Noli was a 15th-century Genoese nobleman and navigator, and the first governor of the earliest European overseas colony in Subsaharan Africa. He discovered some of the Cape Verde islands on behalf of Henry the Navigator and he was made ...

                                               

Padre Eterno

The Padre Eterno was a galleon of the Portuguese Navy, built in Rio de Janeiro, Colony of Brazil in the 17th century, at the order of Salvador Corrêa de Sa e Benevides for transportation of sugar and goods for the Companhia Geral do Comercio. She ...

                                               

Manuel Pessanha

Manuel Pessanha was a Genoese merchant sailor who served in Portugal in the 14th century as the first admiral of Portugal at the time of King Denis of Portugal. His brother was Antonio Pessagno. Manuel Pessanha was the son of Simone, lord of the ...

                                               

Portuguese presence in Asia

The Portuguese presence in Asia was responsible for what would be many of first contacts between European countries and the East, starting on May 20, 1498 with the trip led by Vasco da Gama to Calicut, India. Portugals goal in the Indian Ocean wa ...

                                               

Santa Catarina do Monte Sinai

Santa Catarina do Monte Sinai was a higher-castled Portuguese carrack with 140 cannons, launched down in 1520. Built in Kochi, India around 1512 it had two square rig masts and is depicted on a painting attributed to Joachim Patinir. In 1524, it ...

                                               

Diogo de Silves

Diogo de Silves is the presumed name of an obscure Portuguese explorer of the Atlantic who allegedly discovered the Azores islands in 1427. He is only known from a reference on a chart drawn by the Catalan cartographer, Gabriel de Vallseca of Mal ...

                                               

Diogo de Teive

Diogo de Teive was a maritime captain and squire to the House of Infante D. Henrique during the Portuguese period of discovery. Following his exploration into the western Atlantic in the area of Newfoundland, in 1452 he discovered the western isl ...

                                               

Backdoor Bay

The British Antarctic Expedition, 1907–09, under Ernest Shackleton, unloaded supplies at Backdoor Bay for use at their winter headquarters on Cape Royds. It was so named by them because it lies at the back east side of Cape Royds, opposite the sm ...

                                               

Wireless Hill

Wireless Hill is a steep-sided hill with a summit plateau that takes up most of the North Head promontory at the northern end of Australia’s subantarctic Macquarie Island, lying in the Southern Ocean about halfway between Australia and Antarctica ...

                                               

German Turfan expeditions

The German Turfan expeditions were conducted between 1902 and 1914. The four expeditions to Turfan in Xinjiang, China, were initiated by Albert Grunwedel, a former director at the Ethnological Museum of Berlin, and organized by Albert von Le Coq. ...

                                               

Jesup North Pacific Expedition

The Jesup North Pacific Expedition was a major anthropological expedition to Siberia, Alaska, and the northwest coast of Canada. The purpose of the expedition was to investigate the relationships among the peoples at each side of the Bering Strai ...

                                               

California Geological Survey

Although it was not until 1880 that the California State Mining Bureau, predecessor to the California Geological Survey, was established, the "roots" of Californias state geological survey date to an earlier time. As might be expected for a state ...

                                               

Iditarod Trail

The Iditarod Trail, also known historically as the Seward-to-Nome Trail, refers to a thousand-plus mile historic and contemporary trail system in the US state of Alaska. The trail began as a composite of trails established by Alaskan native peopl ...

                                               

Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail

The Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail is a 1.210-mile National Park Service unit in the United States National Historic Trail and National Millennium Trail programs. The trail route extends from Nogales on the U.S Mexico border in Ari ...

                                               

National Historic Trails Interpretive Center

The National Historic Trails Interpretive Center is a 11.000-square-foot interpretive center about several of the National Historic Trails, and is located northwest of Casper, Wyoming on Interstate 25. It is operated through a partnership between ...

                                               

Nez Perce National Historic Trail

The Nez Perce National Historic Trail follows the route taken by a large band of the Nez Perce Indian tribe in 1877 during their attempt to flee the U.S. Cavalry and get to Canada, to avoid being forced on to a reservation. The 1.170-mile trail w ...

                                               

Oregon Trail, Wells Springs Segment

The Oregon Trail, Wells Springs Segment, also known as the Oregon Trail, Boardman Bombing Range Segment, is part of an historic east–west migration route crossing Morrow County in the U.S. state of Oregon. About 250.000 emigrants from the United ...

                                               

The Florida Wildlife Corridor Expedition

The Florida Wildlife Corridor Expedition: Everglades to Okefenokee was a 1.000 mile expedition over a 100-day period launched on January 17, 2012 to increase public awareness and generate support for the Florida Wildlife Corridor project. Bear bi ...

                                               

Harriman Alaska expedition

The Harriman Alaska expedition explored the coast of Alaska for two months from Seattle to Alaska and Siberia and back again In 1899. It was organized by wealthy railroad magnate Edward Harriman. Harriman brought with him an elite community of sc ...

                                               

Red River Expedition (1806)

The Red River Expedition, also known as the Freeman-Custis Expedition, Freeman Red River Expedition, Sparks Expedition, or officially as the Exploring Expedition of Red River in 1806, was one of the first civilian scientific expeditions to explor ...

                                               

Central New Guinea Expedition

The Central New Guinea Expedition was a Dutch scientific expedition which was seeking from the north coast of the island to reach snow-covered Wilhelminatop of the Central Plateau of Dutch New Guinea. The expedition was organized and financed by ...

                                               

New Guinea Exploration Expedition (1885)

The New Guinea Exploration Expedition of 1885 was a scientific, collecting and anthropological expedition sent by the Geographical Society of Australasia to the Fly River region of Papua New Guinea. They named and explored the Strickland River.

                                               

North New Guinea expedition

The North New Guinea expedition was a Dutch expedition to the still largely unknown north coast of Dutch New Guinea for the purposes of scientific exploration and to seek exploitable coal resources.

                                               

Botanical Expedition to the Viceroyalty of Peru

The Botanical Expedition to the Viceroyalty of Peru was a Spanish expedition to the colonial territories of the Viceroyalty of Peru and Chile between 1777 and 1788. It was commissioned by King Charles III of Spain and headed by botanists Hipolito ...

                                               

Royal Botanical Expedition to New Granada

The Royal Botanical Expedition to New Granada took place between 1783 and 1816 in the territories of New Granada, covering present-day Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Venezuela, Peru and northern Brazil and western Guyana. The project was rejected twi ...

                                               

Walking the Amazon

Walking the Amazon was an expedition conceived and successfully completed by British explorer Ed Stafford. It was the first time anyone had journeyed the entire length of the Amazon River from source to sea on foot and was recognised as an offici ...

                                               

Eendrachtsland

Eendrachtsland or Eendraghtsland was derived from t Landt van dEendracht or Land van de Eendracht and was one of the earliest names given for Australia, being in use for 28 years, from 1616 until 1644. In 1616 Dirk Hartog sailed from the west in ...

                                               

Willem River

The Willem River or Willems River was named during the voyage of the Dutch East India Company ship Mauritius in 1618, under the command of Supercargo Willem Janszoon and captained by Lenaert Jacobszoon, and is one of the few features named on a n ...

                                               

Arnhem (ship)

The Arnhem or Aernem was a Dutch East Indiaman sailing vessel that was shipwrecked 12 February 1662 off Mauritius on the Saint Brandon Rocks.

                                               

Letterbook of Explorers Journals

The Letterbook of Explorers Journals is a collection of transcriptions of journals and reports of exploration in Western Australia between 1827 and 1870. Transcribed by hand by John Septimus Roe, they are the source of best provenance for the maj ...

                                               

Poison Rocks

Poison Rocks, historically known as Poison Rock, is a rock formation in Western Australia. It is located at 28°42′S 118°30′E, 100 km south-east of Mount Magnet in the Shire of Sandstone. The explorer Robert Austin named the place after camping th ...

                                               

Turtle Dove Shoal

Turtle Dove Shoal is a dangerous shoal about three kilometres wide, located at 29°25′S 114°12′E, in the Indian Ocean about fifty kilometres south of the Houtman Abrolhos, off the coast of Western Australia. The shoal was first charted on a 1627 m ...

                                               

Diereville

Diereville, was a French surgeon, botanist and travel writer, born in France, probably in Pont-lEvêque, Calvados. Diereville is known mostly for his travels in Acadia from October 1699 to October 1700. The plant genus, Diervilla, was named in hon ...

                                               

PierCarlo Di Lietto

Pierre-Charles de Liette was an Italian who moved to French North America and enrolled there as French soldier. He served as aide to Henri de Tonti, as commandant at Fort Saint-Louis and Checagou, and as a captain in the colonial regular troops f ...

                                               

Abacuk Pricket

Abacuk Pricket was the navigator of the Discovery on the fourth voyage of captain Henry Hudson. He was one of the mutineers who set Hudson adrift in a small boat, and then returned to England, eventually being one of only eight sailors who made i ...

                                               

John Rut

John Rut was an English mariner, born in Essex, who was chosen by Henry VIII to command an expedition to North America in search of the Northwest Passage; on 10 June 1527 he set sail from Plymouth with two ships, Samson and Mary Guilford. The voy ...

                                               

Verendrye brothers journey to the Rocky Mountains

The Verendrye brothers were the first Europeans to cross the northern Great Plains and see the Rocky Mountains. We know very little about their journey. All we know comes from a journal found in the French archives in 1851 and a lead plate commem ...

                                               

Nicolas de Vignau

Nicolas de Vignau was a companion of Samuel de Champlain in New France. Champlain said of him in his writings the most impudent liar that has been seen for a long time". In 1611, Vignau volunteered to live with a group of Algonquin natives to lea ...

                                               

Ascelin of Lombardy

Ascelin of Lombardy, also known as Nicolas Ascelin or Ascelin of Cremona, was a 13th-century Dominican friar whom Pope Innocent IV sent as an envoy to the Mongols in March 1245. Ascelin met with the Mongol ruler Baiju, and then returned to Europe ...

                                               

Simon of St Quentin

Simon of St Quentin was a Dominican friar and diplomat who accompanied Ascelin of Lombardia on an embassy which Pope Innocent IV sent to the Mongols in 1245. Simon’s account of the mission, in its original form, is lost; but a large section has b ...

                                               

Giovanni de Marignolli

Giovanni de Marignolli, variously anglicized as John of Marignolli or John of Florence, was a notable 14th-century Catholic European traveller to medieval China.

                                               

Alonso Sanchez

Alonso Sanchez de Huelva was a fifteenth-century mariner and merchant born in Huelva, Spain, on Andalusias Atlantic coast. Legend has it that he reached America several years before Christopher Columbus did. After the discovery of America several ...