Топ-100 ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 230

ⓘ Free online encyclopedia. Did you know? page 230




                                               

Astropedology

Astropedology is the study of very ancient paleosols and meteorites relevant to the origin of life and different planetary soil systems. It is a branch of soil science concerned with soils of the distant geologic past and of other planetary bodie ...

                                               

Duplex soil

The term" duplex” is used in Australia for soils with contrasting texture between soil horizons, although such soils are found in other parts of the world. Duplex soils are also termed" texture contrast soils”. With the term" duplex soil”, Northc ...

                                               

Soil functions

Soil functions are general capabilities of soils that are important for various agricultural, environmental, nature protection, landscape architecture and urban applications. Soil can perform many functions and these include functions related to ...

                                               

History of soil science

The early concepts of soil were based on ideas developed by a German chemist, Justus von Liebig, and modified and refined by agricultural scientists who worked on samples of soil in laboratories, greenhouses, and on small field plots. The soils w ...

                                               

Needle ice

Needle ice is a needle-shaped column of ice formed by groundwater. Needle ice forms when the temperature of the soil is above 0 °C and the surface temperature of the air is below 0 °C. Liquid water underground rises to the surface by capillary ac ...

                                               

Newmarks influence chart

Newmarks Influence Chart is an illustration used to determine the vertical pressure at any point below a uniformly loaded flexible area of soil of any shape. This method, like others, was derived by integration of Boussinesqs equation for a point ...

                                               

Soil aggregate stability

Soil aggregate stability is a measure of the ability of soil aggregates to resist degradation when exposed to external forces such as water erosion and wind erosion, shrinking and swelling processes, and tillage. Soil aggregate stability is a mea ...

                                               

Soil biomantle

The soil biomantle can be described and defined in several ways. Most simply, the soil biomantle is the organic-rich bioturbated upper part of the soil, including the topsoil where most biota live, reproduce, die, and become assimilated. The biom ...

                                               

Soil governance

Soil governance refers to the policies, strategies, and the processes of decision-making employed by nation states and local governments regarding the use of soil. Globally, governance of the soil has been limited to an agricultural perspective d ...

                                               

Soil management

Soil management is the application of operations, practices, and treatments to protect soil and enhance its performance. It includes soil conservation, soil amendment, and optimal soil health. In agriculture, some amount of soil management is nee ...

                                               

Soil stabilization

Soil stabilization a general term for any physical, chemical, mechanical, biological or combined method of changing a natural soil to meet an engineering purpose. Improvements include increasing the weight bearing capabilities, tensile strength, ...

                                               

Stone line

A stone line is a three-dimensional subsurface layer, or carpet,’ of stones evident as a line of stones’ in natural exposures such as soils, road cuts, and trenches. Stone lines that are more than one stone thick have been called stone zones’. St ...

                                               

Barchan

A barchan or barkhan dune is a crescent-shaped dune. The term was introduced in 1881 by Russian naturalist Alexander von Middendorf, for crescent-shaped sand dunes in Turkestan and other inland desert regions. Barchans face the wind, appearing co ...

                                               

Grey dune

Grey dunes are fixed, stable sand dunes that are covered by a continuous layer of herbaceous vegetation. These dunes are typically located 50–100 meters from the ocean shore and are found on the landward side of foredunes. Grey dunes are named fo ...

                                               

Armona Island

Armona Island is one of the islands of Algarve, Portugal. Armona is 9 kilometres in length, and from 0.1 to 1 km wide. It is accessible by regular 20-minute Ferry trips or even quicker water taxi from the waterfront in Olhão. The island is popula ...

                                               

Boulder Bank

The Boulder Bank is a very unusual naturally formed landform in Nelson, New Zealand. It is a 13 kilometre long stretch of rocky substrate which begins at the Mackay Bluff and ends at the Cut of the Nelson Harbour. Haulashore Island was once a par ...

                                               

Cacela Island

Cacela Island is a sandy barrier island at the mouth of the Ria Formosa in the Algarve region of mainland Portugal. It was part of a peninsula up to the autumn of 2010, when as a result of storm action, the sea cut the peninsula and turned its we ...

                                               

Culatra Island

The island is a short distant east from the Algarve capital of Faro and the island is 6 kilometres 3.7 miles in length and 100 to 900 metres 330 to 2.950 feet width, with no roads or vehicles, but interlaced with wooden walkways. There are about ...

                                               

Matakana Island

Matakana Island is located in the western Bay of Plenty in New Zealands North Island. A long, flat barrier island, it is 20 kilometres in length but rarely more than 3 kilometres wide. The island has been continuously populated for centuries by M ...

                                               

Moreton Island

Moreton Island is an island on the eastern side of Moreton Bay on the coast of South East Queensland, Australia. The Coral Sea lies on the east coast of the island. Moreton Island lies 58 kilometres northeast of the Queensland capital, Brisbane. ...

                                               

Moturoa / Rabbit Island

Moturoa / Rabbit Island is a small island that lies across the southernmost part of Tasman Bay, on the northern coast of New Zealands South Island. The long narrow island runs east-west for 8 kilometres, and covers 15 km 2. It lies opposite the m ...

                                               

North Frisian Barrier Island

North Frisian Barrier Island is the collective term for three barrier islands due west of the German Halligen in the North Frisian Islands archipelago. The shoals act as natural breakwater for the Halligen and other islands closer to land. Uninha ...

                                               

North Stradbroke Island

North Stradbroke Island, colloquially Straddie or North Straddie, is an island that lies within Moreton Bay in the Australian state of Queensland, 30 kilometres southeast of the centre of Brisbane. Before 1896 the island was part of the Stradbrok ...

                                               

Scolt Head Island

Scolt Head Island is an offshore barrier island between Brancaster and Wells-next-the-Sea in north Norfolk. It is in the parish of Burnham Norton and is accessed by a seasonal ferry from the village of Overy Staithe. The shingle sand island appea ...

                                               

Sriharikota

Sriharikota is a barrier island off the Bay of Bengal coast located in the Shar Project settlement of Nellore district in Andhra Pradesh. It houses the Satish Dhawan Space Centre, one of the two satellite launch centres in India. Indian Space Res ...

                                               

Tavira Island

Tavira Island lies south of the town of Tavira, Portugal, just a few hundred metres off the coast. It is 11 kilometres long and varies between 150 m to 1 km in width. The island has 11 km of the best beaches in the Algarve, including areas where ...

                                               

Asparagus Island

Asparagus Island is a small tidal island on the eastern side of Mounts Bay, within the parish of Mullion, Cornwall, United Kingdom. It lies within Kynance Cove, a popular tourist site on the western side of The Lizard peninsula and is named after ...

                                               

La Bufadora

La Bufadora is a marine geyser or blowhole located on the Punta Banda Peninsula in Baja California, Mexico. The spout of sea water is the result of air, trapped in a sea cave, exploding upwards. Air is forced into the cave by wave action and is r ...

                                               

Hālona Blowhole

Hālona Blowhole is a rock formation and a blowhole on the island of Oahu, Hawaii off of Hanauma Bay at Hālona Point overlooking the Pacific Ocean. In Hawaiian hālona means "lookout".

                                               

Hummanaya

Hummanaya Blowhole is the only known blowhole in Sri Lanka and it is considered to be the second largest blowhole in the world. Hummanaya refers to the noise, "hoo", that can be heard a distance away when the blowhole is active.

                                               

Kynance Cove

Kynance Cove is a cove on the eastern side of Mounts Bay, Cornwall, England. It is situated on the Lizard peninsula approximately two miles north of Lizard Point. The cove became popular in the early Victorian era, with many distinguished visitor ...

                                               

Madura, Western Australia

Madura is a small roadhouse community located on the Eyre Highway in Western Australia, on the Roe Plains. It is 1.253 kilometres from Perth. It is at the foot of the escarpment next to the Madura Pass down from the Nullarbor Plain.

                                               

Nakalele Point

Nakalele Point is a land mass on the eastern edge of the northern tip of the island of Maui in the state of Hawaii. In Hawaiian, Nakalele or Nā-kālele means "the leaning". The Point is known for its blowhole and has become notable for its dangero ...

                                               

Papa Stour

Papa Stour is one of the Shetland Islands in Scotland, with a population of under fifteen people, some of whom immigrated after an appeal for residents in the 1970s. Located to the west of mainland Shetland and with an area of 828 hectares, Papa ...

                                               

Punakaiki

Punakaiki is a small community on the West Coast of the South Island of New Zealand, between Westport and Greymouth. The community lies on the edge of the Paparoa National Park. The Pancake Rocks are a very popular tourist destination at Dolomite ...

                                               

Spouting Horn

Spouting Horn is a blowhole located on the southern coast of Kauai in the Koloa district. This area of Kauai is known for its crashing waves. These waves erode lava rocks on the coastline which can create narrow openings, as is the case with Spou ...

                                               

Trevone

One long road, surrounded by houses, a village hall, with a meeting hall, a village shop and with few roads branching off, leads down to the beach. Two or three houses are "bed and breakfast" guest houses. There is a Surfing|surf shop and small s ...

                                               

Brenton Loch

Brenton Loch is an inlet-cum-small fjord in the Falkland Islands. It is one of a handful of sea lochs outside Scotland. It is sometimes known as "Brenton Sound". "Loch" is normally pronounced as "lock" in the English rather than Scottish manner, ...

                                               

Isthmus

An isthmus is a narrow piece of land connecting two larger areas across an expanse of water by which they are otherwise separated. A tombolo is an isthmus that consists of a spit or bar, and a strait is the sea counterpart of an isthmus. Canals a ...

                                               

Auckland City

Auckland City was the part of Auckland urban area covering the isthmus and most of the islands of the Hauraki Gulf. The core of Auckland City was the Auckland CBD, a major financial and commercial centre, surrounded by many suburbs. It was former ...

                                               

Taillefer Isthmus

The Taillefer Isthmus is an Australian isthmus linking Peron Peninsula to the coast of Western Australia in the Gascoyne region. Its western coast is formed by Henri Freycinet Harbour, its eastern one by LHaridon Bight, both bodies of waters bein ...

                                               

Yanakie Isthmus

Yanakie Isthmus is a sandy isthmus that connects Wilsons Promontory to mainland Victoria, south-eastern Australia. The small holiday town of Sandy Point and nearby Shallow Inlet lie on the western side of the isthmus. Yanakie is a Koori name from ...

                                               

Cathedral Caves

The Cathedral Caves are one of the thirty longest sea caves in the world, located on Waipati Beach, 15 kilometres south of Papatowai, on the Catlins Coast in the southeast corner of the South Island, New Zealand. They are one of the most popular ...

                                               

Dragon Hole

Dragon Hole is the deepest known blue hole in the world at 300.89 metres deep, and is located about 25 kilometres south of Discovery Reef in the Paracel Islands. Blue holes are characteristically dozens of metres deep and generate a distinctive b ...

                                               

Nereo Cave

Nereo Cave is a huge underwater sea-cave situated on the north-west of Sardinia in the Coral riviera of Alghero, Italy. The name was given by the discovers in honour of the mythological figure Nereus, who is often billed as the Old Man of the Sea ...

                                               

Sea Lion Caves

Sea Lion Caves is a connected system of sea caves and caverns open to the Pacific Ocean in the U.S. state of Oregon. They are located 11 miles north of Florence on U.S. Highway 101, about midpoint on the 400 miles Oregon Coast. In this area Highw ...

                                               

Ilha de Luanda

Ilha do Cabo typically known as Ilha de Luanda is a spit off the shore of Luanda, the capital of Angola, a country on the continents southwestern coast. It consists of a low sandy strip formed by sedimentation. In administrative terms, the penins ...

                                               

Lefevre Peninsula

The Lefevre Peninsula is a peninsula located in the Australian state of South Australia located about 15 kilometres northwest of the Adelaide city centre. It is a narrow sand spit of about 30 square kilometres running north from its connection to ...

                                               

Pui O

Pui O, formerly Lo Pui O, is an area on Lantau Island in Hong Kong. It is a popular destination for holiday camping in Hong Kong. Visitors may also rent village houses for leisure. Located in the South Lantau, there are four main villages in Pui ...

                                               

Restinga da Marambaia

The Restinga da Marambaia is a restinga in the coast of the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro. It is 42 km long and separates Sepetiba Bay from the Atlantic Ocean, being a part of the municipalities of Rio de Janeiro, Itaguai and Mangaratiba. It ...