Топ-100 ★ Culture - Culture, Outline of culture, Cultural appropriatio

★ Culture - Culture, Outline of culture, Cultural appropriation, Artificiality, Assessment culture, Cultural assimilation ..



Culture is a General term that covers social behavior and norms of human societies, and knowledge, beliefs, arts, laws, customs, capabilities and habits of individuals in these groups. People acquire culture through the learning processes of inculturation and socialization, which manifests the diversity of cultures of different societies. Cultural norm establishes acceptable behavior in society, it serves as a guide for the conduct, clothing, speech and manners in a situation that serves as a template for expectations in a social group. Taking only monoculture in a social group can bear the risks, as one species may come to naught in a changing environment, due to the lack of functional responses to changes. Thus, military culture, virtue is considered typical behavior for a person as Duty, Honor and loyalty to a social group are considered virtues or functional reactions in the course of the conflict. In the practice of religion, similar attributes can be defined in a social group.


Outline of culture

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to culture: Culture – set of patterns of activities of people in a community or social group and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. Customs, laws, dress, architectural style, social standards, religious beliefs and traditions are all examples of cultural elements. Since 2010, culture is considered the fourth pillar of sustainable development, UNESCO. Read more: agenda 21 for culture or in short culture 21.


Cultural appropriation

Cultural appropriation, sometimes also the formulation of cultural appropriation, the adoption of elements of one culture by members of another culture. This may be controversial when members of the dominant culture, it is advisable from disadvantaged minority cultures. According to critics of the practice, cultural appropriation is different from acculturation, assimilation, or equal cultural exchange that this assignment is a form of colonialism: cultural elements are copied from minority members of the dominant culture, and these elements are used outside their original cultural context - sometimes even on the directly expressed wishes of members of the source culture. Cultural appropriation is harmful different groups and individuals, including indigenous peoples, working for the conservation of cultural heritage, those who advocate for the collective rights of intellectual property, emerging, minority culture, and those who lived or live under colonial domination. Often inevitable when several cultures, cultural appropriation may involve the use of other cultures, religious and cultural traditions, fashion, symbols, language and music. Those who see these provisions as exploitative state that the original meaning of these cultural elements is lost or distorted when they are removed from their source and cultural conditions, and that such displays are disrespectful and even a form of desecration. Cultural items that can have deep meaning to the original culture can be reduced to "exotic" clothing or toys from the dominant culture. Kjerstin Johnson wrote that when this is done, the impersonator, "who is not experiencing oppression can act, temporarily, the exotic other, without any of the daily discrimination faced by other cultures". African American scientist, musician and journalist Greg Tate argues that the assignment and the "fetishising" of cultures, in fact, repels those whose culture is not distracted. The concept of cultural appropriation has been heavily criticized. Critics have noted that the concept is often misunderstood or misused by the public, and what "cultural appropriation" is sometimes incorrectly in situations such as eating food from different cultures, or just to learn about different cultures. Others argue that the law of appropriation of cultural property as it is typically defined is not meaningful represents a social harm, or the term is devoid of conceptual unity. Others claim that the term sets arbitrary limits on intellectual freedom of the artists expression, increases the units of the group, or creating feelings of enmity or resentment, not liberation.



Artificiality is the state of being the product of intentional human manufacture, and does not occur naturally due to processes not related to or requiring human activity.


Assessment culture

The culture of evaluation is a subset of organizational culture determines values, beliefs and assumptions held by its members. In the field of higher education, a positive culture of evaluation characteristic of a trust relationship, data-informed decision-making, respect for the profession of teaching, and internally driven by a thirst for discoveries about student learning. A positive culture of evaluation, usually means the presence of conditions for cooperation between practitioners, remuneration, opportunities for professional development of faculty and staff, student participation and shared commitment among leaders to create institutional improvements that are sustainable. Culture assessment can be identified through behavioral factors, such as the celebration of success, a comprehensive review of the programme, sharing a common terminology and language, providing technical support and use positive messages to effectively convey the meaning. Culture assessment was measured by scientists in the perception of the faculty to determine the motivation, sense of support and the level of fear associated with the assessment.


Cultural assimilation

Cultural assimilation is a process in which there is any minority group or culture to remind the dominant group or assume, values, behavior and beliefs of another group. The conceptualization describes the cultural assimilation similar to that of acculturation, and the other simply believes the former is one of the last stages. Assimilation may also include so-called additive acculturation, in which, instead of having to change the culture of their ancestors, the person extends their existing cultural repertoire.

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