Топ-100 ★ Health - Health, An apple a day keeps the doctor away, Heali

★ Health - Health, An apple a day keeps the doctor away, Healing, hazard, survival paradox, Single-use medical devices ..



The meaning of health has evolved over time. In accordance with the biomedical perspective, early definitions of health devoted to the theme of the bodys ability to function, health is seen as a state of normal functioning, which may be interrupted from time to time due to illness. An example of such a definition of health: "a state characterized by anatomical, physiological and psychological integrity, ability to perform personally valued family, work and social roles, ability to cope with physical, biological, psychological and social stresses." Then, in 1948, in a radical departure from previous definitions, the world health organization who proposed a definition of aiming high: the links between health and wellbeing in terms of "physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity". Although this definition was seen by some as an innovation, it was also criticized as being vague, overly broad and is not regarded as measurable. For a long time, he was assigned as an impractical ideal and most discussions of health returned to the practicality of the biomedical model. How did the transition from viewing disease as a state to think about it as a process, the same shift happened in definitions of health. Again, who played a leading role when it contributed to the development of the movement for health promotion in the 1980-ies. It brought in a new concept of health, not condition, but in dynamic terms of resiliency, in other words, as the "source of life". 1984, who made changes in the definition of "health" is defined as "the degree to which the individual or group is able to realize aspirations and satisfy needs and change or cope with the environment. Health is a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living, a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources as well as physical capabilities". Thus, health means the ability to maintain homeostasis and recover from insults. Mental, intellectual, emotional, and social health referred to a persons ability to cope with stress, to acquire skills to maintain relationships that form the resources for fault tolerance, and independent living. This opens up many opportunities for health to teach, strengthen, and learned. From the end 1970-x of years, the Federal healthy people initiative has been a noticeable component of the US approach to improve the health status of the population. Every decade, a new version of healthy people is issued with the new objectives and identification of themes and measurable objectives to improve health over the next ten years, with the assessment at this stage of the progress or lack thereof. Progress was limited for many purposes, which leads to concerns about the effectiveness of healthy people in shaping the results in the context of a decentralized and uncoordinated system of health care. Healthy people 2020 gives more attention to health promotion and preventive approaches and puts emphasis on the importance of addressing the social determinants of health. New advanced digital interface facilitates use and dissemination, not bulky printed books as produced in the past. The impact of these changes on healthy individuals will be identified in the coming years. Systematic activities to prevent or cure health problems and maintaining health in humans are undertaken by medical workers. Application to animal health are covered by the veterinary Sciences. The term "healthy" is also widely used context many types non-living organizations and their impacts for the benefit of man, for example, in the sense of healthy communities, Healthy cities or healthy environment. In addition to medical care and persons surroundings, a number of other factors known to affect the health status of individuals, including their background, lifestyle, economic, social conditions, and spirituality, they are called "health factors". Studies have shown that high levels of stress can affect human health. In the first decade of the 21st century conceptualization of health as ability opened the door for self-assessment, to become the main indicators to judge the effectiveness of efforts to improve human health. It also created the opportunity for each person to feel healthy, even with multiple chronic diseases or terminal condition, and re-examination of the determinants of health, away from the traditional approach aimed at reducing the burden of disease.


An apple a day keeps the doctor away

"An Apple a day keeps the doctor away" is a common English proverb the Welsh origin. There is no scientific evidence that eating an Apple a day has any significant health effects.



Healing is the process of restoration of health from an unbalanced, diseased, damaged or unvitalized of the body. In healing, you can cure the cause of health problems, but it can grow without healing or heal without "medication". The profession of nursing is traditionally concerned with issues of healing, while historically the profession of medicine is concerned with curing. With physical damage or disease of the organism, healing involves the restoration of living tissue, organs and biological systems as a whole and resumption of normal functioning. Medicine involves the process by which cells in the body regenerate and repair to reduce the size of damaged or necrotic areas and replace it with new living tissue. The replacement can happen in two ways: by regeneration in which the necrotic cells are replaced by new cells that form the "type" of cloth was there originally, or repair, in which damaged tissue is replaced with scar tissue. Most organs will heal using a mixture of both mechanisms. He is also mentioned in the context of the process of growing up. In psychiatry and psychology, healing is the process by which neuroses and psychoses are resolved to the extent that the client is able to lead a normal or fulfilling existence without being overwhelmed psychopathological phenomena. This process may involve psychotherapy, medication and alternative approaches such as traditional healing.


Health hazard


Health survival paradox

Male-Female health-survival paradox, also known as morbidity, mortality paradox and the gender paradox is a phenomenon in which women experience more disease and disability during their life, but they suddenly live longer than men. This is a paradox, because the normal assumptions, what is worse, people will die earlier than people who experience less disease and disability. In this case, however, the group of people that are experiencing the most illness and disability is one who lives longer. Recording female survival advantage can be traced back to the 18th century, but gained popularity and attracted the attention of researchers in the 19th century.


Single-use medical devices

Disposable medical devices include any medical equipment, device or apparatus having the opportunity to be only once used in a hospital or a clinic and then disposed. The food and drug administration defines it as any device has the right to the manufacturer to be used for one patient and only one procedure. Its not reusable, and therefore has a short lifespan, and only one patient. There are a large number of types of disposable medical devices ranging from external such as plastic, rubber, boots, gloves and bandages are merely used to help the patient to more complex and internals consisting of sharp blades, needles and tubes. Both these devices have used single, for a few reasons, but mainly how he came into contact with radioactivity, blood, infection, and disease or human tissues, and therefore should be discontinued. In each country there are strict laws regarding medical waste, and reprocessing of medical devices in hospitals and clinics.


Health hazard

The danger is the agent that has the potential to harm a vulnerable target. Hazards can be natural or manmade. Sometimes natural disasters such as floods and droughts can be caused by human activity. Floods can be caused by poor drainage and drought can be caused by excessive irrigation or groundwater contamination. The terms "hazard" and "risk" are often used interchangeably, with the perspective of risk assessment, they are two totally different terms. A hazard is any agent that can cause harm or damage to people, property or the environment. Risk is defined as the probability that exposure to a hazard will lead to negative consequence, or more simply, risk is not no risk, if there is no exposure to this risk. Danger may be dormant or potential with only a theoretical chance of harm. The event, which is due to the interaction with risk is called the incident. The most likely severity of undesirable consequences of an incident with risk combined with the probability of this occurring is its associated risk. If there is no possibility of danger, contributing to accidents, there are several ways. One of these ways is an indication of the source of danger. One key concept in the definition of danger is the presence of stored energy that can cause damage. Stored energy can occur in different forms: chemical, mechanical, thermal, radioactive, electrical, etc. Another class of hazard does not involve release of stored energy, and this leads to dangerous situations. Examples include confined or limited spaces output, oxygen-free atmospheres, awkward positions, repetitive motions, low-hanging or protruding objects, etc. Danger can be classified as natural, anthropogenic, or technological. They also can be referred to health or danger to the public who may be affected, and the severity of accompanying risk. In most cases, the danger can affect a variety of purposes, and have little or no effect on others. Hazard identification assumes that the potential target is identified, and is the first step in the risk assessment.

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