Топ-100 ★ Humanities - Humanities, Indicators, Outline of the humaniti

★ Humanities - Humanities, Indicators, Outline of the humanities, Anthropology, Area studies, Art history ..



Humanities disciplines that study aspects of human society and culture. In the Renaissance this term is opposed to the deity and referred to what is now called classic, the main focus of secular study in universities at the time. Today the Humanities are often contrasted with the natural, and sometimes social Sciences, and professional training. The Humanities use methods that are primarily critical, or speculative, and have a significant historical element - in contrast to the mainly empirical approaches of the natural Sciences, but, unlike science, it does not have a Central discipline. The Humanities include the study of ancient and modern languages, literature, philosophy, history, human geography, law, politics, religion and art. Scholars in the Humanities are "humanity scholars" or humanists. The term "humanist" also describes the philosophical position of humanism, which some "antihumanist" in the Humanities reject. In the Renaissance scientists and artists were also called humanists. Some secondary schools offer Humanities classes, usually consisting of literature, global studies and art. Humanitarian subjects like history, folklore, cultural anthropology the study of issues that a manipulative experimental method does not apply and instead mainly use the comparative method and comparative study.


Humanities Indicators

The Humanities indicators is a project of the American Academy of arts and Sciences equips researchers and policymakers, universities, foundations, museums, libraries, Humanities councils and other public institutions with statistical tools for answering basic questions about primary and secondary Humanities education, undergraduate and postgraduate education in the Humanities, humanitarian workers, volumes and sources of financing of the program understanding and impact of the Humanities and other areas of the humanitarian community. Data from the Humanities indicators has been widely discussed in recent conversations about the "crisis in the Humanities", in the light of the national decrease in the number of specialty colleges. Questions about the strength of the results of Humanities graduates who often carry play a role in reducing the number of currencies as of 2015, the indicators issued by the state of the humanitarian 2018: graduates in the workforce and beyond, which examined not only their employment and earnings relative to other fields, as well as satisfaction of graduates in their work after graduation, and your life in General. Data show that, despite the differences in the average earnings that students in the Humanities are very similar for graduates from other areas in relation to their perceived well-being. The report is widely cited in the media as an important intervention in the discussion.


Outline of the humanities

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Humanities: The Humanities are disciplines that study the human condition using methods that are primarily analytical, critical, or speculative, in contrast to the mainly empirical approaches of the natural Sciences.



Anthropology is the scientific study of man, human behavior and society, past and present. Social anthropology studies the laws of behavior and research cultural anthropology cultural significance, including norms and values. Linguistic anthropology examines how language influences social life. Biological or physical anthropology studies the biological development of man. Archaeology, which studies the human activity through the study of material evidence, has been conceived as a branch of anthropology in the United States and Canada, and in Europe it is regarded as a discipline in its own right or grouped within other related disciplines, such as history.


Area studies

Research in interdisciplinary areas of research and scholarship pertaining to particular geographical, national / Federal, or cultural regions. The term exists primarily as a General description for what, in the practice of scholarship, many heterogeneous research areas covering the social Sciences and Humanities. The model study area programs involving international relations, strategic studies, history, political science, political economy, cultural studies, languages, geography, literature and other related disciplines. In contrast to cultural studies, area studies often include Diaspora and emigration from the region.


Art history

Art history is the study of objects of art in their historical development and stylistic contexts, i.e. genre, design, format and style. The study includes painting, sculpture, architecture, Ceramics, Furniture, and other decorative items. Art history is the history of different groups of people and their culture represented in all their works. Art historians compare the different periods in art history. Like comparing medieval art to Renaissance art. This story of cultures is apparent in their creativity in different forms. Art can be shown by the clothes, architecture, religion, and sports. Or more visual works of art such as paintings, drawings, sculpture. As a term of art history, its product of art history encompasses several methods of studying fine art, in common usage referring to works of art and architecture. Aspects of the discipline overlap. As the art historian Ernst Gombrich once observed: "in the field of art history like Caesars Gaul, divided in three parts inhabited by three different, though not necessarily hostile tribes: the connoisseurs I, second critics, and III academic art historians". As a discipline, art history is different from art, which is concerned with establishing a relative artistic value of individual works in relation to others of comparable style, or the punishment of an entire style or movement, and art theory or "philosophy of art", which relates to the fundamental nature of art. One branch of this area of study is aesthetics, which includes the study of the mystery of the sublime and determining the essence of beauty. Technically, art history is not these things, because the art historian uses historical method to answer the questions: why did the artist come to create the work?, Who were the patrons?, Who was his teacher?, Who was the audience?, Who were his disciples?, What historical forces are left to the creativity of artists, and how he or she and the creation, in turn, affect the course of artistic, political and social events? This, however, it is doubtful that many questions of this kind can be answered satisfactorily Without also considering basic questions about the nature of art. The current disciplinary gap between art history and philosophy of art, aesthetics often preclude this investigation. History of art is not only a biographical work. Art historians often root their studies in the study of certain subjects. So they are trying to answer in historically specific ways, questions such as: what are the key features of this style?, What meaning did this object convey?, How it works visually?, The master do not meet their goals?, What characters?, and is there a function in discourse? The historical basis of the discipline is a celebratory chronology of creation at the request of public or religious organizations or wealthy people in Western Europe. Such a "Canon" remains prominent, as indicated by the selection of objects present in art history textbooks. However, the 20th century was an attempt to re-define the discipline to be more open to non-European art created by women, and folk art.

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